Preparedness report on doubling of over 60s populations
New American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) global report assesses preparedness of 12 nations for doubling of their 60-plus population over the next generation.
The new report, released today by AARP, in Washington and Paris examines the preparedness levels of 12 nations -- Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Israel, Japan, Korea, Mexico, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States -- for the profound challenges their societies and economies face as the number of people age-60-and-up in their populations more than doubles over the next generation, as is projected to happen by 2050, by the United Nations, the World Bank and others.
AARP's "Aging Readiness and Competitiveness (ARC) Report", (which can be found online at aarpinternational.org/arc) conducted in conjunction with FP Analytics, examines each nation in four key sectors:
Community & Social Infrastructure
Productive Opportunity & Economic Output
Healthcare & Wellness
The report notes constructive progress, areas of potential concern, and key developments.
While ARC does not seek to rank or grade the nations it assesses, for each of the four sectors, it places each nation in one of three categories: leaders, movers (e.g., those making notable progress), or laggards.
For those used to U.S. predominance in studies of this kind, the ARC Report rates the U.S. a leader in only one sector (technological engagement) and rates it a laggard in healthcare & wellness, along with South Africa and Brazil.
Addressing the international focus of the ARC Report AARP CEO Jo Ann Jenkins said "The challenges and opportunities presented by the massive growth of the 60-plus population is a global phenomenon – it's truly borderless."
While national variations in ARC 's findings are distinct, a number of commonalities emerged:
Women have it tougher than men in just about every nation. They disproportionately care for children and older family members while simultaneously, if they are able, earning a living. Also, because women who are able to work often earn less in their working lives than men, the financial constraints they face in old age are commensurately more difficult.
Older people everywhere would prefer to "age in place," but doing so yields its own challenges, especially around isolation and mobility, at both individual and society-wide levels.
The Internet and digital connectivity has, predictably, yielded a broad variety of resources for both employment and communications, but in many countries older people do not have access to the 'Net.
Some striking numbers: in Turkey and Mexico about 90 percent of people 65-plus have never used the Internet; in China it's more than 85 percent; in Brazil it's more than 75 percent, even in the U.S. more than 30 percent of people 65-plus are not online.
"The challenge of digital literacy – that is, the degree to which older people feel confident using technology -- is real, pervasive, and troubling," said FP Analytics Managing Director Claire Casey.
"One of the overarching findings of ARC is that nations around the world need to focus on addressing digital literacy, which is as much a cultural issue as it is a technological one."
While the ARC Report is candid in its assessment of the formidable challenges presented by ageing populations —especially as related to housing, mobility, isolation, finances, and healthcare — it also identifies a compelling set of positive developments.
"While the challenges presented by an ageing population are big, some of the most interesting strategies to address it start out small and they use existing infrastructure to address an emerging challenge," said Ms Casey. "A great illustration of this phenomenon is Japan's 'Watchover Service' which utilises the nation's postal carriers, supplemented by smart devices, to check-in with older adults while on their rounds.
For a very small fee, people [in Japan] are able to add this service and it's a very simple, effective way to make sure an isolated older person is OK," Ms Casey said.
Read AARP's Web report “Aging Readiness and Competitiveness (ARC) Report" at the dedicated ARC website.
AARP is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organisation, with a membership of nearly 38 million that helps people turn their goals and dreams into 'Real Possibilities' by changing the way America defines aging.
6 June 2017.