Get physical for healthy ageing
New Federal Government funded research highlights the crucial role of structured physical exercise and building strength in improving the health, independence and quality of life of senior Australians.
Aged Care Minister Ken Wyatt AM said the two-year, $1.4 million Muscling Up Against Disability study had yielded impressive results from progressive resistance plus balance training (PRBT).
“The benefits were often life-changing and for some participants, were seemingly miraculous,” Mr Wyatt said.
“On average, they more than doubled their strength in their upper and lower body and core during the 24-week program.
“PRBT exercise is very simple and yet for many, it could make the difference between increasing disability, and remaining independent in their own homes.”
The 245 people who participated in Muscling Up Against Disability ranged in age from 65 up to 92 and all were receiving in-home Commonwealth aged care support.
They had two PRBT sessions per week, with the sessions supervised by accredited exercise physiologists.
On average, program participants registered:
- 33% improvement in leg strength
- 13% increase in overall physical performance
- 23% drop in the risk of sarcopenia (muscle wastage)
- 7% reduction in frailty
- A significant reduction in falls
“While strength and balance improved markedly, the study group also recorded reduced depression and anxiety,” Minister Wyatt said.
“What makes these results so important is that the participants chosen were average people receiving in-home care who would not normally exercise in a gym.
“This indicates it’s never too late to start reaping the benefits of structured exercise and that people can push back against ageing and disability throughout their senior years.”
The study notes that PBRT is the only exercise mode shown to reduce many of the adverse effects associated with normal ageing, including the reduction in physical disability and chronic diseases including diabetes 2, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, all of which increase the requirement for aged care services.
“The study results also indicated a steady reduction in participants’ overall health care costs,” said Mr Wyatt.
“This type of structured exercise is a win-win for senior Australians and the community. While it improves independence and wellbeing, we know fitter seniors are healthier and need less complex and costly aged care services.”
Mr Wyatt encouraged seniors to consider resistance training where possible, and to undertake as wide a range of physical activities as possible.
“Dancing and yoga are other activities that everyone can embrace, including people in residential care and those living with dementia,” he said.
“Trials suggest that as well as improving coordination and balance, physical activity makes people feel happier and sleep better and it may also improve their thinking.”
The Minister said national guidelines for physical activity were relevant for people of all ages, but training schedules and activities should be tailored to individual capacity.
30 January 2018.