Health and social services national summit: Joint Statement on harms from current Australian drug laws
This Joint Statement was issued on Monday 25 March 2018 by health and social service providers and policy leaders who met for a national summit on drug harm reduction at Victoria’s Parliament House on Wednesday 21 March 2018.
The summit was convened by Australia21: think tank for the public good, http://australia21.org.au/
We the undersigned call on Australia’s federal, state and territory governments to treat drug use primarily as a health and social issue and to remove criminal sanctions for personal use and possession.
We make this call because our own professional experience supports overwhelming evidence that current Australian drug laws, although well-intentioned, create and/or worsen a wide range of health and social harms. There are complex two-way interactions between the punitive approach to drug use and problems including poverty, social disadvantage, unemployment, homelessness, family violence, child protection interventions, mental illness and suicide. Poor drug policy also leads to further crime. The human and financial costs of the negative impacts of the current drug laws are borne not just by drug users, but by their families and communities, and the nation as a whole.
We have agreed to work together to improve public awareness of (a) the negative impacts of the current drug laws and the way they are interpreted and implemented, and (b) the real and tangible health and social benefits of drug law reform.
Laurence Alvis, EO, Uniting ReGen (AOD treatment and education service of Uniting Vic Tas)
Kat Armstrong, Lawyer, former drug user Co-founder, Women In Prison Advocacy Network (now Women’s Justice Network)
Paul Barratt AO, Chair, Australia21: think tank for the public good, Former Secretary, Departments of Primary Industries and Energy & Defence
Liz Barrett, Campaigns and Policy Advisor, Uniting Centre for Research, Innovation & Advocacy, Social justice advocate
Rebecca Bunn, Director and Community Engagement Manager, Australia21, Managing Director, Imprisonment Observatory, Monash University
Bill Bush, President, Families and Friends for Drug Law Reform, Former head of the Treaties Section in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Kasy Chambers, CEO, Anglicare Australia
Kyle Cox, Campaign and Advocacy Advisor, Uniting, Former senior staff member, US Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health
Emeritus Professor Bob Douglas AO, Founding Director, Australia21, Foundation Director, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, ANU
Professor Suzanne Fraser, Program Leader, National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University
Professor Margaret Hamilton AO,Former: Foundation Director, Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre; executive member of the Australian National Council on Drugs; chair of the Capital City Lord Mayors Drug Advisory Committee
Susan Helyar, Director, ACT Council of Social Services
Caitlin Hughes, Criminologist, Senior Research Fellow, Drug Policy Modelling Program, University of NSW
Marianne Jauncey, Medical Director, Uniting Medically Supervised Injecting Centre, Conjoint Senior Lecturer, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Clinical Senior Lecturer, University of Sydney
Marion McConnell OAM, Founding member, Families and Friends for Drug Law Reform
Stephen McNally, Deputy CEO, Penington Institute
Emeritus Professor Jake Najman, Sociologist, Director, Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Center, University of Queensland
Matt Noffs, CEO, Noffs Foundation (Australia’s largest drug and alcohol treatment service provider for young people under 25), Co-founder of Street Universities
CEO, Victorian Association for the Care & Resettlement of Offenders
Margaret Nimac, Representing the CEO of Uniting, Peter Worland
Peter Norden, Fellow, Australian & New Zealand Society of Criminology, Hon. Fellow, Humanities & Social Sciences, Deakin University
Jon O’Brien, Head of Social Justice Forum, Uniting (the Uniting Church’s community service and advocacy arm in NSW/ACT)
Connor Palmer, Representing YoungA21, Australia21’s youth advisory committee, Pharmacy intern
Mick Palmer AO APM, Emeritus Director, Australia21, Former Australian Federal Police Commissioner, Former Commissioner of the Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency Service
Fiona Patten, Member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, Founder and leader of REASON, a movement of radical common sense
Emeritus Professor David Penington AC, Former Dean of Medicine and Vice Chancellor, University of Melbourne, Former chair of the Victorian Premier’s Drug Advisory Council, Capital City Lord Mayors Drug Advisory Committee & Victorian Drug Expert Committee
Deborah Rice, Director and Communications Manager, Australia21, Former ABC News Senior Reporter and Presenter
Professor Robin Room, Sociologist, Professor, Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Latrobe University
Associate Professor Kate Seear, Associate Professor in Law, Monash University, Academic Director of the Springvale Monash Legal Service
Rosie Shea, Australia21 Volunteer, Member of Unharm
Lyn Stephens, Director, Australia21, Organisational development consultant
Stephanie Taplin, Associate Director of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University
Associate Professor kylie valentine, Deputy Director, Social Policy Research Centre, University of NSW
Alex Wodak AM, Director, Australia21, President, Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation, Emeritus Consultant, Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent's Hospital Sydney
Participants at Australia21’s Roundtable on the social impacts of Australia’s drug laws addressed the evidence that a prohibition and law enforcement approach is not reducing illegal drug use, but is instead causing many adverse outcomes across our communities.
“Arrest and prosecution often involves the loss of employment, housing and family and community support. This can spiral into further crime, but also increase family homelessness, domestic violence, child protection interventions, mental health issues and suicide rates,” said the Roundtable convenor, Emeritus Professor Bob Douglas, a leading epidemiologist and founding Director of Australia21.
“Meanwhile, prohibition and the threat of criminal penalties drives drug users away from the help they need and puts the production, distribution and control of illicit drugs into the hands of criminals,” said Em. Professor Douglas.
Health and social service providers have been witnessing a rise in the human and financial costs of the current policies for individuals, families and the nation as a whole, according to Laurence Alvis, who leads alcohol and other drug services in Melbourne for Uniting Vic Tas.
“There is no question that Australia’s drug policy settings create and worsen social problems beyond the drugs field. Uniting regularly deals with people experiencing multiple social issues in our alcohol and other drug programs. Our experience is that drug policy can also have a negative impact on their experiences of issues such as mental health, family violence and homelessness.”
There was concern among the Roundtable participants that the current policy of allocating 60% of Australian government drug budgets to policing and prisons has failed to produce improvements, especially as highly effective treatment and harm reduction strategies have been chronically underfunded.
“By prioritising treatment, we could reduce the negative impact of focusing on criminalisation rather than harm reduction. We see the failure of the current approach in the length of waiting lists for services like ours. It means that service funders focus on short episodes of treatment, when we know that treatment over a longer term is more likely to produce lasting outcomes,” said Mr Alvis.
The extent to which adverse social conditions and disadvantage actually increase problematic drug use also needs far more research in Australia.
“It is clear the prevalence and seriousness of a wide scope of social problems in diverse sectors would be reduced through better responses to the use and abuse of illegal, pharmaceutical and other drugs, including alcohol and tobacco,” said former Australian Federal Police Commissioner Mick Palmer, an Emeritus Director of Australia21.
“The War on Drugs approach was well intended but failed disastrously in Australia and other countries. While unregulated manufacture and trafficking should remain serious criminal offences, Australia should adopt a more rational, more cost-effective, evidence-based and human rights approach, including decriminalisation of personal possession of drugs and better treatment options. We can’t punish people into getting better.”
The national Roundtable was held in Victoria’s Parliament House, where the state’s report on the Parliamentary Drug Law Reform Inquiry is due to be delivered next Tuesday 27 March. The participants hope to see recommendations that lead to better support for drug harm reduction.
Australia21 is a small not for profit organisation which seeks to create new frameworks of understanding about the strategic issues facing us in the 21st century.
See also the Victorian Government, Law Reform, Road and Community Safety Committee report "Inquiry into drug law reform" at https://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/lrrcsc/article/2812. The report was tabled in Parliament on 27 March 2018.
26 March 2018. (Updatd 28 March 2018.)