Voluntary Assisted Dying comes into effect in Western Australia
Voluntary Assisted Dying (VAD) has today 1 July 2021, become accessible to eligible Western Australians.
The historic and long-awaited legislation will give terminally ill people throughout the State the ability to choose the manner and timing of their death.
The legislation, which was passed in December 2019, enables eligible people to request access to assisted dying through a medical practitioner from today.
To date, 37 practitioners throughout WA have been approved to train to administer voluntary assisted dying services and an additional 59 practitioners have so far requested to access the required training. It is expected that the number of approved practitioners will grow following the laws coming into effect.
Every eligible Western Australian who wants access to VAD can be assisted by the Statewide Care Navigator Service which is staffed by experienced health professionals.
The VAD process includes:
- a person can only request access to VAD themselves
- two medical eligible practitioners must independently assess the request
- a person must make three separate requests to access VAD to confirm their intent
- a person can change their mind at any time.
During the 18-month implementation period, services such as the Statewide Care Navigator Service, mandatory training for participating doctors and nurse practitioners, the Statewide Pharmacy Service and the Voluntary Assisted Dying Board were established.
The recently appointed board will have an advisory and monitoring function to ensure adherence to the legislation and report to the State Government as necessary on quality and safety improvements if required.
Strong safeguards are in place to ensure a person's request for access is voluntary and they are not being pressured.
Patients must be informed of treatment and palliative care options, as well as the voluntary assisted dying process. There are 10 stringent steps in the voluntary assisted dying process.
Special attention has also been paid to ensuring equitable access for all Western Australians, regardless of where they live.
The WA Voluntary Assisted Dying Regional Access Support Scheme provides funds to support access to VAD services for regional and remote residents. Funds can support patients to travel to see a doctor or have a doctor travel to them.
Since 2019, the Western Australian Government has committed an additional $90 million in palliative care funding, including expanding palliative care in regional areas. An additional 10 inpatient palliative care beds have been opened at Joondalup Health Campus.
The Premier Mark McGowan said, "This will make a significant difference to so many people's lives and their loved ones - giving them choice and relief.
"Each and every one of us has had an experience with someone we've known who has been through it or knows someone who has been up close to it.
"Throughout the course of bringing about the legislation, it was a difficult journey with many harrowing stories of painful and immeasurable deaths told.
"If there are people dying in agony and that intolerable suffering can be relieved, then people should be given that choice. We should show compassion and kindness.”
1 July 2021.